LogoDiscardLess Strategies for the gradual elimination of discards in European fisheries

Deliverables


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You may freely reproduce all or part of these papers for non- commercial purposes, provided that the following conditions are fulfilled: (i) to cite the authors, as the copyright owners (ii) to cite the DISCARDLESS Project and mention that the European Commission finances it, by means of including this statement “DISCARDLESS project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under grant agreement no. 633680” and (iii) not to alter the information.

Initial avoidance manuals by case study including tactical, strategic and gear based approaches agreed by scientists and fishers.

Skippers, owner/skippers and shore based managers representing a wide range of fisheries and countries (Ireland, Denmark, Spain-the Balearics, France-Eastern Channel, Greece-North Aegean Sea, and Portugal-Azores) were interviewed regarding their views on solutions to address the landing obligation. Solutions proposed by fishermen were separated into technical (gear changes) and tactical (fishing behaviour changes). They were also asked about management responses that might or might not help. In this deliverable we summarised the ideas identified by fishermen. We have sought to identify commonalities, where fishermen from two or more countries identified the same issues, and whether ideas from one country might be applied to fisheries in others. Conversely, we have also tried to show where the responses reflect the unique characteristics of fisheries management in that country. The most obvious of these would be the quota based management outside the Mediterranean.

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Authors:
Main Author: Dave Reid

Deliverable:
D4.1
Pages:
40
Year:
2017

Year 2 of the Landing Obligation: key issues in Mediterranean Fisheries. Policy Brief No. 2

The second Policy Brief provides an overview of the current status of the Landing Obligation in the Mediterranean. It summarises stakeholder experiences and concerns and highlights emerging barriers and opportunities with regard to applying the discard policy. The Policy Brief is written for policy makers, the fishing industry, NGO's and citizens with an interest in fisheries management and is based on extensive stakeholder interviews and meetings, policy documents and literature review. 

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Authors:
Fitzpatrick, Mike; Quetglas, Toni; Frangoudes, Katia; Nielsen, Kåre Nolde

Deliverable:
7.2
Pages:
17
Year:
2017
Publication ID:
DOI

Report containing identification and recommendations on innovative, applicable and practical solutions for on-board handling of unavoidable unwanted catches

The work presented in this report focuses on the four previously mentioned fleet types that provide a relatively good cross-section of important EU fleets that are to be heavily affected by the landing obligation. It includes reviewing current setup of on-board handling where discarding is allowed and then identifies solutions applicable for those fleet types under a discard ban. The main challenges are connected to catches of juvenile fish, which cannot be utilised for direct human consumption. A number of alternatives are identified for each fleet segment and the most applicable solutions are discussed and demonstrated in detail e.g. in deckplans, mas-balance calculations, cost/benefit assessment etc.

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Authors:
Jónas R. Viðarsson, Marvin I. Einarsson and Sigurður Ö. Ragnarsson

Deliverable:
D5.2
Pages:
69
Year:
2016
Publication ID:
DOI

Year 1 of the Landing Obligation: key issues from the Baltic and Pelagic fisheries. Policy Brief No. 1

This DiscardLess policy brief focuses on initial experiences with implementation of the Landing Obligation in the Baltic and Pelagic fisheries. It summarises the discard plans in these fisheries, presents stakeholder experiences from interviews, meeting attendance and literature review and highlights emerging issues relevant to all fisheries where the LO is being implemented.

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Authors:
Mike Fitzpatrick, Kåre Nolde Nielsen

Deliverable:
D7.1
Pages:
14
Year:
2016
Publication ID:
DOI

Diagnosis of the inventory of the generated unavoidable unwanted catch

Identification and analysis of current and expected supplies of unavoidable, unwanted catches (UUC) once the landing obligation has been implemented. The analysis includes a review of historical discards data, on which has been identified where and when UUC's might be landed in the future. The available facilities at selected landing harbours have been identified, together with existing equipment that can deal with expected changes in supply. Safety and quality criteria's specifically relevant for UUC's are also addressed.

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Authors:
Jónas R. Viðarsson (MATIS, Beneficiary 19), Bruno Iñarra, Begoña Pérez-Villarreal (AZTI, Beneficiary 23), and Erling Larsen (DTU Aqua, Beneficiary 1)

Deliverable:
D6.1
Pages:
73
Year:
2015
Publication ID:
DOI

Report on current practices in the handling of unavoidable, unwanted catches

The objective of this deliverable is to present basic back-ground information on discard mitigation issues and the available tools for battling the discard problem. Most of the discard issues and the available tools presented are not directly relevant for what can be applied on-board of the fishing vessels, but are nevertheless necessary information for project partners and stakeholders to identify possible on-board solutions. 

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Authors:
Jonas R. Viðarsson, Þorlákur Guðjónsson, Sigríður Sigurðardóttir

Deliverable:
D5.1
Pages:
75
Year:
2015

Appropriate economic and social criteria to evaluate the Discard Mitigation Strategies and the defined management scenarios

Economic and social indicators (D2.2) :  in D2.2, the economic and social criteria to evaluate discard mitigation strategies are identified. These criteria can be divided in three groups: changes in the economic performance, changes in employment, and changes in production. A series of parameters are provided, that need to be taken into account in order to measure the economic and social impacts of each Discard Mitigation Strategies (DMS) or of any other defined management scenario.

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Authors:
Katia Frangoudes, Jordi Guillen

Deliverable:
D2.2
Pages:
24
Year:
2015
Publication ID:
DOI

Identification of standard ecosystem evaluation criteria for the assessment of the Discard Mitigation Strategies

Ecological indicators (D1.2) : In D1.2, DiscardLess defined the criteria and indicators to be used in determining the effects of discards on marine ecosystems. The indicators have been developed to be directly compatible with the Good Environmental Status (GES) of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).

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Authors:
Telmo Morato, Marie Savina

Deliverable:
D1.2
Pages:
19
Year:
2015
Publication ID:
DOI

Report on the available economic data related to discard, on bio-economic fishery models, on the current knowledge on discard incentives, perception, attitudes and resulting fisher behaviour and on knowledge gaps for all case studies fisheries

Fishery scale (D2.1): D2.1 is a review of knowledge base of the economic and social aspects of and incentives to discarding. The review is based on (i) a literature survey identifying economic and social reasons for discarding fish, (ii) a brief outline of models suitable for assessing economic consequences of the landing obligation, (iii) description of the case studies and identification of important gaps across these.

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Authors:
Hans Frost, Ayoe Hoff and Peder Andersen

Deliverable:
D2.1
Pages:
99
Year:
2015
Publication ID:
DOI

Review on the current effect of discarding on fish stocks and marine ecosystems; on data, knowledge and models of discarding

Ecosystem-scale (D1.1) :  Discarding of aquatic organisms is a global problem in the world’s fisheries. The present document attempts to understand why discarding occurs, how discarding can be reduced, the economic and ecological effects of discarding, as well as how these data are used in stock assessments and ecosystem models. The document pays particular attention to European fisheries and the gradual elimination of discards in these fisheries through the introduction of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy.

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Authors:
Jordan Feekings, Marie Savina and Clara Ulrich

Deliverable:
D1.1
Pages:
66
Year:
2015