Skippers, owner/skippers and shore based managers representing a wide range of fisheries and countries (Ireland, Denmark, Spain-the Balearics, France-Eastern Channel, Greece-North Aegean Sea, and Portugal-Azores) were interviewed regarding their views on solutions to address the landing obligation. Solutions proposed by fishermen were separated into technical (gear changes) and tactical (fishing behaviour changes). They were also asked about management responses that might or might not help. In this deliverable we summarised the ideas identified by fishermen. We have sought to identify commonalities, where fishermen from two or more countries identified the same issues, and whether ideas from one country might be applied to fisheries in others. Conversely, we have also tried to show where the responses reflect the unique characteristics of fisheries management in that country. The most obvious of these would be the quota based management outside the Mediterranean.
The second Policy Brief provides an overview of the current status of the Landing Obligation in the Mediterranean. It summarises stakeholder experiences and concerns and highlights emerging barriers and opportunities with regard to applying the discard policy. The Policy Brief is written for policy makers, the fishing industry, NGO's and citizens with an interest in fisheries management and is based on extensive stakeholder interviews and meetings, policy documents and literature review.
The work presented in this report focuses on the four previously mentioned fleet types that provide a relatively good cross-section of important EU fleets that are to be heavily affected by the landing obligation. It includes reviewing current setup of on-board handling where discarding is allowed and then identifies solutions applicable for those fleet types under a discard ban. The main challenges are connected to catches of juvenile fish, which cannot be utilised for direct human consumption. A number of alternatives are identified for each fleet segment and the most applicable solutions are discussed and demonstrated in detail e.g. in deckplans, mas-balance calculations, cost/benefit assessment etc.
This DiscardLess policy brief focuses on initial experiences with implementation of the Landing Obligation in the Baltic and Pelagic fisheries. It summarises the discard plans in these fisheries, presents stakeholder experiences from interviews, meeting attendance and literature review and highlights emerging issues relevant to all fisheries where the LO is being implemented.
Identification and analysis of current and expected supplies of unavoidable, unwanted catches (UUC) once the landing obligation has been implemented. The analysis includes a review of historical discards data, on which has been identified where and when UUC's might be landed in the future. The available facilities at selected landing harbours have been identified, together with existing equipment that can deal with expected changes in supply. Safety and quality criteria's specifically relevant for UUC's are also addressed.
The objective of this deliverable is to present basic back-ground information on discard mitigation issues and the available tools for battling the discard problem. Most of the discard issues and the available tools presented are not directly relevant for what can be applied on-board of the fishing vessels, but are nevertheless necessary information for project partners and stakeholders to identify possible on-board solutions.
Economic and social indicators (D2.2) : in D2.2, the economic and social criteria to evaluate discard mitigation strategies are identified. These criteria can be divided in three groups: changes in the economic performance, changes in employment, and changes in production. A series of parameters are provided, that need to be taken into account in order to measure the economic and social impacts of each Discard Mitigation Strategies (DMS) or of any other defined management scenario.
Ecological indicators (D1.2) : In D1.2, DiscardLess defined the criteria and indicators to be used in determining the effects of discards on marine ecosystems. The indicators have been developed to be directly compatible with the Good Environmental Status (GES) of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).
Fishery scale (D2.1): D2.1 is a review of knowledge base of the economic and social aspects of and incentives to discarding. The review is based on (i) a literature survey identifying economic and social reasons for discarding fish, (ii) a brief outline of models suitable for assessing economic consequences of the landing obligation, (iii) description of the case studies and identification of important gaps across these.
Ecosystem-scale (D1.1) : Discarding of aquatic organisms is a global problem in the world’s fisheries. The present document attempts to understand why discarding occurs, how discarding can be reduced, the economic and ecological effects of discarding, as well as how these data are used in stock assessments and ecosystem models. The document pays particular attention to European fisheries and the gradual elimination of discards in these fisheries through the introduction of the reformed Common Fisheries Policy.